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A gynaecologist is a specialist doctor who manages the medical and surgical problems that affect women’s reproductive and uroginal systems.

A consultation with a gynaecologist involves taking a history and conducting a physical exam. This is followed by performing specific tests which may include blood and urine testing, Pap smears or ultrasounds.

Physical Exam

The physical exam is a quick checkup that can help your doctor spot if you have any medical issues. It can also be a good way for them to talk to you about your overall health and wellness.

The first part of your appointment is going to be with a nurse or medical assistant who will gather your vital signs, like height, weight, and blood pressure. They’ll also ask you about your medical history and specific concerns you have, such as your menstrual cycle or sexual activity.

You can tell your doctor if you feel uncomfortable talking about these sensitive topics. They don’t want to pry or judge you, but they need all the information they can get to help you stay healthy and avoid any serious problems in the future.

Also Read: Different Types of PCOS and How to Prevent Them?

A gynaecologist physical exam includes a vulva examination, cervix examination, uterus and ovaries examination, fallopian tube examination, rectum examination, breast examination, and abdominal (pelvic) examination. Your gynaecologist may also check your blood pressure and weight, and may ask for urine samples.

Vulva and Cervix Examination

The vulva is inspected for redness, irritation, or discharge that might indicate a sexually transmitted infection. The cervix is also inspected for abnormalities, such as bleeding or a cyst.

Uterus and Ovaries Examination

The health care provider uses one or two lubricated, gloved fingers to place in the vagina and press on the lower abdomen with the other hand to feel for lumps and to assess the size, shape, and position of the uterus and ovaries. The adnexa are also palpated to assess tenderness, size, and contour.

Rectum Examination

The lower abdomen is examined using a standard technique of inspection, auscultation, percussion, and palpation. This helps to identify abdominal bowel sounds, acoustic changes due to abdominal fluid collection, and pelvic masses.

A speculum is then inserted into the vagina to widen it so that the health care provider can examine the vulva and cervix for signs of disease. Cell samples are then taken for a Pap test or HPV test to screen for cervical cancer.

The gynecologist physical exam is an important part of most women’s health care. It can help catch problems before they become severe or life-threatening, Minkin says.

Blood Tests

A Gynaecologist will take a blood sample for a variety of reasons during your first visit. These include a complete blood count (CBC), which measures the volume of white and red blood cells, platelets and hemoglobin.

These tests can help your doctor monitor your health, diagnose certain conditions and give you an overview of how well you’re doing.

It can take days to weeks for the results of blood tests to come back, depending on the type of test and whether you need to send a sample to a lab. A doctor usually reads the results of these tests and may also talk to you about them.


An electrocardiogram, or EKG, is a quick and painless test that records the electrical activity of your heart. It’s used to diagnose a range of conditions, including heart rhythm abnormalities (arrhythmias), abnormal heart rate and ischemia.

A technician attaches 12 to 15 electrode patches — small sensors that stick to the skin — to your chest, arms and legs. A computer then records your heart’s electrical activity.

An EKG can also be used to check for side effects of medications that may affect your heart rhythm. It can also tell if you are having trouble getting enough blood to your heart, which can be an indication of a serious condition.

Pelvic Exam

The pelvic exam is the most basic of all tests and checks the vagina, cervix, and uterus. The doctor uses a speculum (a duck-billed device) and bimanual exam to examine the reproductive organs.

Your first pelvic exam will likely feel a bit uncomfortable, but you should expect your healthcare provider to be kind and supportive. Try breathing through the discomfort to help you relax and focus on what’s happening in your body.

During the exam, your doctor may ask you about your medical history and sexually transmitted infection (STI) status. This information is important for your doctor to know so they can provide you with the best care possible.


Gynaecologists use ultrasound technology to diagnose certain conditions and guide medical procedures. They can also use it to monitor the growth of a baby during pregnancy.

Ultrasounds are non-invasive imaging tests that don’t use radiation (like x-rays). They create images of tissues, organs, and other structures inside the body.

During an ultrasound, a technologist applies a gel to the area being examined and then passes a device called a transducer over it. The ultrasound waves pass through the soft tissue and fluids in your body, then bounce back on denser areas of tissue.


A good gynaecologist will make you feel at ease and will be able to answer your questions and concerns. They will also recommend a suitable course of action. They will likely prescribe a low-dose folic acid supplement, ask you if you are taking a daily multivitamin and check your cholesterol level and spirts count. 

They may also refer you to a GP for further investigation. If you are lucky, they will be able to prescribe a safe and effective contraceptive that is right for you. You might also be offered the opportunity to talk about your family plans in a more personal setting.


They diagnose and treat disorders of the female reproductive system, including ovaries, fallopian tubes and uterus.

Gynecologists work in private practices and hospitals. Some also do research and are professors in university medical programs.

During your first visit, Gynaecologist Hospital In Patna  will ask you questions about your health and discuss any issues that may arise. They’ll also go over what to expect during the exam.

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